Fostering dialogue on common challenges and potential solutions to improve the protection of stateless people.
Enhancing advocacy on law and policy reform towards universal access to nationality rights and the eradication of statelessness.
The tool uses 8 key indicators to assess and score each country:
- Ratification of international and regional instruments
- Access to birth registration and birth certificates
- Prevention of statelessness at birth
- Gender equality in nationality laws and birth registration laws
- Loss and deprivation of nationality
- Due process / just administrative action in nationality administration
- Resolution of status of persons of unknown nationality
Introducing The Southern African Nationality Rights Index
Stateless people are those with no nationality. Thousands of people in Africa are affected by statelessness because of state succession, gaps in nationality laws, barriers to birth registration, discrimination, displacement, and arbitrary deprivation of citizenship.
Statelessness denies many basic human rights: education, employment, marriage, registering a child, or legal existence
Many African states lack effective protection or prevention laws on statelessness and there is no clear, consistent, or comprehensive approach to identify stateless people, to grant protection to stateless people, and to prevent childhood statelessness.
In response to this, SANN has launched the Southern African Nationality Rights Index – a survey tool that analyses law, policy, and practice country-by-country and benchmarks them against international norms and good practice to identify areas of improvement and examples of best practice.
Click on the “Southern African Nationality Rights Index” page to see the available information on:
South Africa takes first place with only 0.5% more than Eswatini. South Africa earns points for upholding provisions of equality in their nationality laws and for including important safeguards for children.
It loses points, however, for not being party to the UN Statelessness Conventions, and for not implementing its progressive laws effectively. South Africa has the main due process procedures in place, but still has important gaps in the law.
Lastly, like most of the SADC countries, South Africa scores almost nothing for special measures to resolving the status of populations at risk of statelessness.