Southern African Nationality Network

The Southern African Nationality Rights Index

What is SANRI?

The Southern African Nationality Rights Index (SANRI) is a survey tool that compares and measures access to nationality rights in Africa by assessing law and policy on the protection of stateless people and the prevention of statelessness in the region, against international norms and good practice.
The purpose of the tool is to make data and information on statelessness in Africa more accessible for government officials, researchers, civil society organisations, international and regional organisations, media actors, and other interested individuals, including people directly affected by statelessness. This data and information will aid in:

a) identifying gaps in law and policy on the protection of stateless people and the prevention of statelessness
b) fostering dialogue on common challenges and potential solutions to improve the protection of stateless people and prevent statelessness (including best practices)
c) enhancing advocacy on law and policy reform towards universal access to nationality rights and the eradication of statelessness in Africa
The current version of the tool is a first template, with the expectation that it will evolve through revision and expansion based on feedback from Southern Africa and the rest of the continent. The tool currently includes data and provisional results on 5 countries: South Africa, The Kingdom of Eswatini, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Tanzania.

The tool uses 8 key indicators to assess and score each country:

1. Ratification Of International And Regional Instruments
2. Access To Birth Registration And Birth Certificates
3. Prevention Of Statelessness At Birth
4. Gender Equality In Nationality Laws And Birth Registration Laws
5. Naturalisation
6. Loss And Deprivation Of Nationality
7. Due Process / Just Administrative Action In Nationality Administration
8. Resolution Of Status Of Persons Of Unknown Nationality

In addition, the tool includes a bonus sheet that records State pledges relevant to addressing statelessness in their respective countries.

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The SANRI was developed and designed by Liesl H. Muller and Bronwen Manby. It is published under the Creative Commons Licence.

More information

For more information or expressions of interest in the SANRI, comments and suggestions, please contact Lawyers for Human Rights at

DISCLAIMER: The information presented in the SANRI is based on the research and consultations conducted by the authors. It does not necessarily reflect the official position of the States involved, the funders or the contributors.

Our Funders and Partners

The SANRI has been developed with financial support from the Open Society Policy Center (OSPC) and the UNHCR Regional Bureau for Southern Africa.